Modul economic geology of elemental raw material


(Lecture room KII)


Economic geology of hydrocarbon deposits



Practical class (Oct 17, Oct 24): data analysis of the BP energy database for 2015 see


Answer the following questions based on your data analysis

1) Which continents use the most oil, gas and coal and which continents have the largest reserves
2) Convert the fossil fuel reserves into energy values (1 tonne of oil equivalent = ca. 11,63 MWh) (1 MW = 8760 MWh per year). Which continent has the most energy left!
3) Make your own analysis on how long these fossils fuel will last assuming i) current consumption rates ii) projected consumption rates based on past increases
4) Based on the data for Germany, estimate how long it will take that 50% of the energy produced by fossil fuels is replaced by renewable energy sources.
5) Use the data base to help prepare your seminar talk

6) Compare the energy usage and resources of the 3 superpowers, USA, China and Russia and make a prediction as to who will be the next superpower in 50 years time?

Each talk should not excess 30 minuties. There is typically 15-20 minutes of discussion that follows.




Hydrocarbon deposits in Artic regions.

North Sea Hydrocarbon deposits.

Gulf of Mexico oil.

Oil shales and extraction methods.


Topical Lecture- Oil spills and remediation methods


11 December 2014


Enhanced oil recovery using CO2 gas

Ocean floor methane clathrates



Oil muesuem?=


What to includ in your presentation
1) Give an introduction to the topic explaining why it this important in terms of either resource needs or environmental protection
2) Provide details on the basic geological occurrence of the deposit and highlight the key processes and timing of formation involved. Present concentrate examples and case studies from your chosen areas of study
3) What is the economics behind this exploitation and give an assessment of the costs and profits involved? Summarize reserves and discuss possible future trends. Use the data bases you analyzed in the practical classes- and integrate your analyses into your presentation.
4) What are the environmental and social problems involved in the exploitation involved. What remediation methods are available if things go wrong


After Christmas programme


Economic geology of metal ore deposits



Practical class: Laboratory methods for investigating metal ore deposits.



Chemistry of gold precipation.

Exhalative venting and black smokers on the sea floor (volcanic massive sulphides): e.g. the VMS deposits of the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus.

Deep sea metallic nodules.

Special metals required for renewable energ

Chemical precipitation and sedimentation: e.g. banded iron-formations: the Mount Whaleback iron ore deposit, Hamersley Province, Western Australia.

Uranium deposits: geochemical controls, mechanisms and cases studies. e.g. Gabon


What should be in your report?


1. Include the figures of your 2 presentations and write out the text so that you could repeat the talk in 2 years time, for example.

2. Place special emphasis on researching the question proposed in the discussion and write an extensive reply. Include extra figures if needed. With the agreement of everybody, the discussions of all presentation will be compiled in a comment document that can be circulated to all when the course has come to an end.

3. include the results of the questions that were posed in the practical excercises in the appendix of your report.